Basil is aromatic annual herbaceous plant. It reaches a height of 30-40 cm, with many branches It is aromatic, rich in nectar and attract bees. Use as a seasoning for the intense and characteristic flavor.
It is closely related to other known herbs such as oregano, marjoram, mint and sage. It is well known and widely used in mild and warm climates. It originates from the tropical regions of Asia and Africa, from where it moved to the Mediterranean countries.
One species is called a plant of fever and in some areas it is used as antipyretic. It is used as a seasoning for its intense and characteristic aroma.
The name «basil» is attributed to it, according to legend, rose to the point where Grand Constantine and his mother Saint Helena discovered the Holy Cross. The name of the plant was taken from the «king» that is Jesus Christ.
According to this plant, it grew up in the lost tomb of Christ and its intense smell became a cause for its discovery. In Epiphany, the priest takes the believers with sanctity by diving a royal branch into the holy water. At the celebration of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross on September 14th, in the churches basil is shared. Various commercially available varieties are distinguished by the size of leaves.
The basil is grown as an ornamental plant in pots and gardens and its leaves are used as a condiment and decoction. The leaves contain an essential oil whose main ingredient is linalool and methylchiclavol.
In Greece basil is connected with good luck!
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